Pricings and Art in the Degenerate Auction

11 Dec

Pricing of some of the work involved in the Auction:

M. Beckmann Southern Coast $20 to Buchholz
M. Beckmann Portrait SFr 1 to Gurlitt
W. Gilles 5 Watercolors $.20 each to Boehmer
Kandinsky Ruhe $100 to Möller [now Guggenheim Museum, New
E. Kirchner Strassenzene $160 to Buchholz [now MoMA, New York]
P. Klee
Das Vokaltuch der
Sängerin Rosa
$300 to Buchholz
Lehmbruck Kneeling Woman $10 to Buchholz49

After the Auction, this is what happened to the remaining work:

“In the fall of 1938 Exploitation Commission member and dealer Karl Haberstock suggested to Hitler and Goebbels that a public auction would increase these minimal revenues. He brought a Swiss crony and fellow Cassirer alumnus, Theodore Fischer, to look over the depositories. Together they chose the 126 works which would be sold in Lucerne on that sunny day the following June. It was none too soon. Despite all the trading activity, the Copernicusstrasse warehouse remained distressingly full. Franz Hofmann, fanatically desirous of carrying out Hitler’s purification policies to the letter, pushed to get rid of the remaining works, which he declared “unexploitable.” He suggested that they be “burned in a bonfire as a symbolic propaganda action” and offered to “deliver a suitably caustic funeral oration.” Shocked at the idea of such destruction, Hetsch and the dealers took away as much as they could. But Goebbels agreed to Hofmann’s plan, and on destruction, Hetsch and the dealers took away as much as they could. But Goebbels agreed to Hofmann’s plan, and on March 20, 1939, 1,004 paintings and sculptures and 3,825 drawings, watercolors, and graphics were burned as a practice exercise in the courtyard of the Berlin Fire Department’s headquarters just down the street. The works in Schloss Niederschonhausen were reprieved and gradually sold or traded away. The whole process of “purifying” the German art world, and its “final solution” in flames, eerily foreshadows the terrible events to come in the next six years.”

People who were put into the Degenerate Art Show/Auction:

  • Jankel Adler
  • Ernst Barlach
  • Rudolf Bauer
  • Philipp Bauknecht
  • Otto Baum
  • Willi Baumeister
  • Herbert Bayer
  • Max Beckmann
  • Rudolf Belling
  • Paul Bindel
  • Theo Brün
  • Max Burchartz
  • Fritz Burger-Mühlfeld
  • Paul Camenisch
  • Heinrich Campendonk
  • Karl Caspar
  • Maria Caspar-Filser
  • Pol Cassel
  • Marc Chagall
  • Lovis Corinth
  • Heinrich Maria Davringhausen
  • Walter Dexel
  • Johannes Diesner
  • Otto Dix
  • Pranas Domšaitis
  • Hans Christoph Drexel
  • Johannes Driesch
  • Heinrich Eberhard
  • Max Ernst
  • Hans Feibusch
  • Lyonel Feininger
  • Conrad Felixmüller
  • Otto Freundlich
  • Xaver Fuhr
  • Ludwig Gies
  • Werner Gilles
  • Otto Gleichmann
  • Rudolph Grossmann
  • George Grosz
  • Hans Grundig
  • Rudolf Haizmann
  • Raoul Hausmann
  • Guido Hebert
  • Erich Heckel
  • Wilhelm Heckrott
  • Jacoba van Heemskerck
  • Hans Siebert von Heister
  • Oswald Herzog
  • Werner Heuser
  • Heinrich Hoerle
  • Karl Hofer
  • Eugen Hoffmann
  • Johannes Itten
  • Alexej von Jawlensky
  • Eric Johansson
  • Hans Jürgen Kallmann
  • Wassily Kandinsky
  • Hanns Katz
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
  • Paul Klee
  • Cesar Klein
  • Paul Kleinschmidt
  • Oskar Kokoschka
  • Otto Lange
  • Wilhelm Lehmbruck
  • Elfriede Lohse-Wächtler
  • El Lissitzky
  • Oskar Lüthy
  • Franz Marc
  • Gerhard Marcks
  • Ewald Mataré
  • Ludwig Meidner
  • Jean Metzinger
  • Constantin von Mitschke-Collande
  • László Moholy-Nagy
  • Marg Moll
  • Oskar Moll
  • Johannes Molzahn
  • Piet Mondrian
  • Georg Muche
  • Otto Mueller
  • Erich(?) Nagel
  • Heinrich Nauen
  • Ernst Wilhelm Nay
  • Karel Niestrath
  • Emil Nolde
  • Otto Pankok
  • Max Pechstein
  • Max Peiffer-Watenphul
  • Hans Purrmann
  • Max Rauh
  • Hans Richter
  • Emy Roeder
  • Christian Rohlfs
  • Edwin Scharff
  • Oskar Schlemmer
  • Rudolf Schlichter
  • Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
  • Werner Scholz
  • Lothar Schreyer
  • Otto Schubert
  • Kurt Schwitters
  • Lasar Segall
  • Friedrich Skade
  • Friedrich (Fritz) Stuckenberg
  • Paul Thalheimer
  • Johannes Tietz
  • Arnold Topp
  • Friedrich Vordemberge-Gildewart
  • Karl Völker
  • Christoph Voll
  • William Wauer

L. Engle


One Response to “Pricings and Art in the Degenerate Auction”

  1. segmation December 15, 2012 at 7:30 pm #

    I like your mention of Itten! Thanks for sharing.

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